American Revolution Records, 1778-1855
RECORD GROUP: County Clerk
RECORD SERIES #: 4500
SERIES: American Revolution Records
VOLUME: 2 boxes, 0.5 cubic feet
The American Revolution Records collection held by the Monmouth County Archives includes: 49 pension requests in loose papers, 21 pension requests in Miscellaneous Book B., a list of 11 pensions denied, about 47 Inquisitions and Tory Confiscations, and 9 Paymaster Appointments and Bonds.
History of Pension Applications:
Under the March 1818 act of Congress entitled, "An Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the Land and Naval Service of the United States in the Revolutionary war," surviving Revolutionary war veterans were allowed to apply for pensions.
The Monmouth County Archives holds the applications of 43 veterans, their widows or children who applied to the County Court of Common Pleas during the period 1818 to 1855. Pensions were not made available to all veterans only those who were unable to earn their own living or to support their families due to age or infirmity.
Each petitioner was required to make a "declaration" of his eligibility which included his age; the name of his commanding officer or officers; and company and regiment during his service.
The applicant also was required to include an inventory of his personal and real estate. Among the items listed on the applications were the house and number of acres; farming equipment or tools of his trade; farm animals; and all household articles.
Finally, the applicant named each family member, including ages, living in the house at the time of application. In many cases, the declarations name grandchildren who, for whatever reason, were living with the petitioner. Also included on the declaration was the pensioner's occupation. The official declaration was then assigned a pension number.
History of Inquisitions & Acquisitions (to follow)
History of Paymaster Appointments and Bonds (to follow)
SCOPE AND CONTENT
Pension Requests (to follow)
Inquisitions & Confisations (to follow)
Paymaster Appointments & Bonds (to follow)
This collection is open to researchers.
All groups in this collection are available online through links at the Archives Digital Resource webpage and on microfilm in the Archives. For preservation reasons, originals will only be retrieved under exceptional circumstances.
Pensions in loose papers are arranged alphabetically by applicant’s surname. Inquisitions & Tory confiscations of property are also arranged alphabetically by applicant. Paymaster Bonds are arranged alphabetically.
Monmouth County Archives
125 Symmes Drive
Manalapan, NJ 07726
This collection was transferred to the Monmouth County Archives by County Clerk.
The original documents have been microfilmed and scanned. An Access database of Inquisitions was created September 22, 2006. A finding aid was created by Mary Ann Kiernan in 2007; updated by Tara Christiansen in July 2013 and updated by George Joynson in October 2015. In September-October 2015, Archives volunteer Lee Moffitt transcribed the entire set of 49 original Revolution Pension Applications in loose papers. His pdfs are online and searchable.
Miscellaneous Book B is digitized and online on the Archives’ Digital Resources webpage. The front pages contain an index. More information about Monmouth pensioners is contained in “The Pension Rolls of 1835,” U.S. War Department, Vol. II. Regarding Monmouth County during the Revolution, see: Monmouth Country Historical Association and New Jersey Archives for Monmouth Brigade records. More Monmouth County Inquisitions are in New Jersey Archives in New Jersey Supreme Court Cases. Archives also holds the 37-volume John A. Mc Manemin Revolutionary War Book Collection , and “Roster of the People of Revolutionary Monmouth County (New Jersey),” by Michael S. Adelberg, 1997. Adelberg’s 2003 “Expanded Roster” is available as a digital file only. Additional books related to the American Revolution are in the Archives’ Book Collection.
|County Clerk Records||Archives Week Records, 1996-2013|
|Bottlers' Records, 1860-1935||Building Contracts, 1847-1985|
|Census Records, 1850-1915||Civil War Collection, 1861-1866|
|Commissioners of the Loan Office, 1776-1780||Coroner Inquests, 1786-1915|
|Corporations & Business Names Collection, 1833-1980||County Clerk Annual Reports, 1974-1992|
|County Clerk Correspondence, 1800-1987||Deeds, 1665-1955|
|Enumeration, 1880||Equity Records, 1851-1902|
|Estate Records, 1739-1924||Exempt Firemen, 1871-2014|
|Insolvent Debtors, 1755-1898||Illegitimate Children (Bastardy), 1734-1897|
|Market Yard Building Papers, 1999-2001||Marriage Returns, 1684-1892|
|Mechanics' Liens, 1845-1930||Miscellaneous Books, 1786-1984|
|Naturalizations, 1800-1991||Overseers of the Poor, 1754-1911|
|Partnership & Co-Partnership Agreements, 1933-1981 ||Partitions of Land, 1762-1960|
|Peddler Licenses, 1771-1879||Professional Licenses & Diplomas, 1832-1974|
|Road Returns, 1740-1979||Slave Births, 1804-1848|
|Slave Manumissions, 1787-1844||Tavern Applications, 1736-1919|
Page Last Updated: 10/8/2015 12:42:00 PM