American Revolution Records, 1778-1855

RECORD GROUP: County Clerk
SERIES: American Revolution Records
DATES: 1778-1855
VOLUME: 2 boxes, 0.5 cubic feet


The American Revolution Records collection held by the Monmouth County Archives includes: 49 pension requests in loose papers, 21 pension requests in Miscellaneous Book B., a list of 11 pensions denied, about 47 Inquisitions and Tory Confiscations, and 9 Paymaster Appointments and Bonds.


History of Pension Applications:

Under the March 1818 act of Congress entitled, "An Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the Land and Naval Service of the United States in the Revolutionary war," surviving Revolutionary war veterans were allowed to apply for pensions.

The Monmouth County Archives holds the applications of 43 veterans, their widows or children who applied to the County Court of Common Pleas during the period 1818 to 1855. Pensions were not made available to all veterans only those who were unable to earn their own living or to support their families due to age or infirmity.

Each petitioner was required to make a "declaration" of his eligibility which included his age; the name of his commanding officer or officers; and company and regiment during his service.

The applicant also was required to include an inventory of his personal and real estate. Among the items listed on the applications were the house and number of acres; farming equipment or tools of his trade; farm animals; and all household articles.

Finally, the applicant named each family member, including ages, living in the house at the time of application. In many cases, the declarations name grandchildren who, for whatever reason, were living with the petitioner. Also included on the declaration was the pensioner's occupation. The official declaration was then assigned a pension number.

History of Inquisitions & Acquisitions (to follow)
History of Paymaster Appointments and Bonds (to follow)


Pension Requests (to follow)
Inquisitions & Confisations (to follow)
Paymaster Appointments & Bonds (to follow)


This collection is open to researchers.


All groups in this collection are available online through links at the Archives Digital Resource webpage and on microfilm in the Archives. For preservation reasons, originals will only be retrieved under exceptional circumstances.


Pensions in loose papers are arranged alphabetically by applicant’s surname. Inquisitions & Tory confiscations of property are also arranged alphabetically by applicant. Paymaster Bonds are arranged alphabetically.


Monmouth County Archives
125 Symmes Drive
Manalapan, NJ 07726
Phone: 732-308-3771


This collection was transferred to the Monmouth County Archives by County Clerk.


The original documents have been microfilmed and scanned. An Access database of Inquisitions was created September 22, 2006. A finding aid was created by Mary Ann Kiernan in 2007; updated by Tara Christiansen in July 2013 and updated by George Joynson in October 2015. In September-October 2015, Archives volunteer Lee Moffitt transcribed the entire set of 49 original Revolution Pension Applications in loose papers. His pdfs are online and searchable.


Miscellaneous Book B is digitized and online on the Archives’ Digital Resources webpage. The front pages contain an index. More information about Monmouth pensioners is contained in “The Pension Rolls of 1835,” U.S. War Department, Vol. II. Regarding Monmouth County during the Revolution, see: Monmouth Country Historical Association and New Jersey Archives for Monmouth Brigade records. More Monmouth County Inquisitions are in New Jersey Archives in New Jersey Supreme Court Cases. Archives also holds the 37-volume John A. Mc Manemin Revolutionary War Book Collection , and “Roster of the People of Revolutionary Monmouth County (New Jersey),” by Michael S. Adelberg, 1997. Adelberg’s 2003 “Expanded Roster” is available as a digital file only. Additional books related to the American Revolution are in the Archives’ Book Collection.

    County Clerk RecordsArchives Week Records, 1996-2013
    Bottlers' Records, 1860-1935Building Contracts, 1847-1985
    Census Records, 1850-1915Civil War Collection, 1861-1866
    Commissioners of the Loan Office, 1776-1780Coroner Inquests, 1786-1915
    Corporations & Business Names Collection, 1833-1980County Clerk Annual Reports, 1974-1992
    County Clerk Correspondence, 1800-1987Deeds, 1665-1955
    Enumeration, 1880Equity Records, 1851-1902
    Estate Records, 1739-1924Exempt Firemen, 1871-2014
    Insolvent Debtors, 1755-1898Illegitimate Children (Bastardy), 1734-1897
    Market Yard Building Papers, 1999-2001Marriage Returns, 1684-1892
    Mechanics' Liens, 1845-1930Miscellaneous Books, 1786-1984
    Naturalizations, 1800-1991Overseers of the Poor, 1754-1911
    Partnership & Co-Partnership Agreements, 1933-1981 Partitions of Land, 1762-1960
    Peddler Licenses, 1771-1879Professional Licenses & Diplomas, 1832-1974
    Road Returns, 1740-1979Slave Births, 1804-1848
    Slave Manumissions, 1787-1844Tavern Applications, 1736-1919
    Page Last Updated: 10/8/2015 12:42:00 PM

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